AskDefine | Define pummel

Dictionary Definition

pummel v : strike, usually with the fist; "The pedestrians pummeled the demonstrators" [syn: pommel, biff] [also: pummelling, pummelled]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Etymology

A synonymous alteration of to pommel

Verb

  1. To hit or strike heavily and repeatedly.
    Rain pummeled the roof.
    The boxer pummeled his opponent.

Translations

To hit or strike heavily and repeatedly

Dutch

Noun

pummel

Extensive Definition

A grappling position refers the positioning and holds of combatants engaged in grappling. Combatants are said to be in a neutral position if neither is in a more favourable position. If one party has a clear advantage such as in the mount they are said to be in a "dominant position". Conversely, the other party is considered to be in a inferior position, in that case sometimes called the "under mount".

Stand-up positions

Called clinch position or standing grappling position, these are the core of clinch fighting. From a separated stand-up position, a clinch is the result of one or both fighters applying a clinch hold. The process of attempting to advance into more dominant clinch positions is known as pummelling. The major types of standing clinch are such as:
Fighters may attempt to break from the clinch, either as the rule require it at in boxing or because they wish to obtain a better position be moving out and re-engaging, If the clinch continues fighters may attempt to strike, takedown or throw an opponent, this may result in a win, or the start of ground grappling.

Ground positions

Positioning is the foundation of ground fighting, if one combatant is physically clearly on top, such as if they are pinning the other combatant to the ground, then that combatant is said to have the top position, while the other combatant is said to have the bottom position. Top positions are usually dominant as fighters can use their weight to their advantage, but depending on the set of rules used, it can have notable exceptions such as the guard, a dominant ground position is usually easier to obtain for the person who initiated the throw or takedown. It may be possible for a fighter in a dominant position to scoring points or win by pinning their opponent, applying a Submission hold or striking. Their is a rough hierarchy of major ground grappling positions form the most adventagous to the least for the 'top' fighter:
A reversal from a dominant or top position is called a Sweep, these are usually the aim of a fight in the bottom position, though there are some submitions that can be executed from the bottom, most commonly from the guard. While a position may be considered dominant in one sport, that may not be the case in another, for example, the closed guard in BJJ may be dominant in terms of submission, in mixed martial arts (MMA) however, where striking is allowed, while the guard still offers submission opportunities and defence, the fighter on top can strike better than the one on the bottom so the position is usual view as neutral in MMA.

Examples

  • In an amateur wrestling match, the wrestlers are standing in a symmetrical position, with both wrestlers having a pinch grip tie on the other wrestler. The wrestlers are in a neutral position. Wrestler 'A' then pummels through to gain Double underhooks so gaining a dominant position.
  • In a Brazilian jiu-jitsu grappling match, grappler 'C' is holding the other grappler 'D' in an open guard. The open guard allows grappler 'C' to attempt a multitude of submission holds, while grappler 'D's priority is to advance in position, grappler 'A' is in a dominant position with the top grappler is in an inferior position, as it is hard for 'D' to attack before they improve their position. 'D' then used a Near knee guard pass getting one leg though to gain Half guard, a more dominant position where they can attack 'C' and 'C' will find submitting them more difficult
  • In a mixed marital arts bout, fighter 'E' has a closed guard and is using it to help defend against punches, fighter 'F' cannot strike with full effect, but is unlikely to be such effectively or submitted quickly so they are in a relatively neutral fighter 'F' is then swept and mounted by fighter 'E' giving them a dominant position.

References

  • Gracie; Renzo, Gracie, Royler; Peligro, Kid; Danaher, John (2001). Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu: Theory and technique. Invisible Cities Press. ISBN 1-931229-08-2.

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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